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Question

How do you write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction of magnesium solid with sulfuric acid to form hydrogen gas and magnesium sulfate?


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Solution

Magnesium sulfate:

  • Magnesium sulfate is a chemical compound, a salt with the formula MgSO4.
  • Magnesium reacts with dilute Sulphuric acid to form Magnesium sulfate and Hydrogen gas.

Mg(s)Magnesium+H2SO4(aq)SulphuricacidMgSO4(aq)Magnesiumsulfate+H2(g)Hydrogen

  • This reaction is a single displacement reaction and also exothermic.

Therefore, the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of magnesium solid with sulfuric acid to form hydrogen gas and magnesium sulfate is Mg(s)Magnesium+H2SO4(aq)SulphuricacidMgSO4(aq)Magnesiumsulfate+H2(g)Hydrogen.


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