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Question

How does a big heav y balloon full of people manage to float in the air???
 


Solution

Hot-air balloons and blimps can float in the air thanks to buoyancy, an upward force that the air exerts on them. The balloon must weigh less than the air it displaces (the air that would occupy the same space if the balloon wasn’t there).

Since the balloon itself is heavier than air, it must be filled with a large volume of something much lighter—either hot air or a very light gas, such as helium. Because the combined weight of the balloon and the gas is less than the weight of an equal volume of surrounding air, the balloon rises.


Physics

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