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Question

How is cast iron different from pig iron?
 


Solution

Pig iron this form of iron is obtained from blast furnace. It contains approximately 4 % carbon and other impurties (S , P , Si, , Mn etc) in small amount.
Cast Iron  this form of iron is formed by melting pig iron with scrap iron and coke using hot air blast. It has slightly lesser carbon content (3% approximately). It is extremely hard and brittle.


Chemistry
NCERT Textbook
Standard XII

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