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Question

How will you bring about the following conversions ?

Ethanol to but - 1 - yne

Ethane to bromoethane

Propene to 1 - nitropropane

Toluene to benzyl alcohol

Propene to propyne

Ethanol to ethyl fluoride

Bromomethane to propanone

But-1-ene to but-2-ene

l - chlorobutane to n- octane

Benzene to biphenyl


Solution

CH3CH2OHEthanolSOCl2−−−−−(Pyramid)CH3CH2ClChloroethaneCHCNa−−−−−NaClCH3CH2CCHBut1yne[CHCH+NaNH2Liquid NH3−−−−−−196 KCHCNa+NH3]

CH3CH3EthaneBr2(hv520670 K)CH3CH2Br+HBrBromoethane

CH3CH=CH2PropeneHBr−−−−PeroxideCH3CH2CH2Br1bromopropaneAgNO2−−−AgBrCH3CH2CH2NO21nitropropane

CH3CH=CH2Br2/CCl4−−−−−CH3CH|BrCH2|BrAlc.KOH−−−−−CH3CCHPropyne
                                                     1, 2 - dibromopropane

CH3CH2OHEthanolSOCl2−−−−−(Pyridine)CH3CH2ClChloroethaneHg2F2−−−−Hg2Cl2CH3CH2FFluoroethane(Ethyl fluoride)

CH3CH2CH=CH2HBr−−CH3CH2CH|BrCH3KOH(alc)−−−−−HBrCH3CH=CHBut2eneCH3
                                                                          2 - bromobutane

CH3CH2CH2CH21chlorobutaneCl+2NaDry ether−−−−−−−−Wurtz reactionCH3CH2CH2CH2CH2noctaneCH2CH2CH3

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