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Question

Identify the noun clause and state its purpose in the sentence:
The fact, that she was cheating on me, is very difficult to believe.


A
The fact is very difficult to believe - subject
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B
very difficult to believe - subject complement
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C
that she was cheating on me - apposition to the noun
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D
to believe - object complement
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Solution

The correct option is B that she was cheating on me - apposition to the noun
When a noun or its equivalent is in apposition to another noun/its equivalent, its sole purpose is to provide extra information about that noun/equivalent. For example: Barney, the dinosaur, is purple. Here the noun in apposition is a noun phrase, 'the dinosaur' that gives information about the noun 'Barney'. The noun/its equivalent in apposition immediately follows the noun it qualifies.
Option C is correct because "that she was cheating on me" is a noun clause (it begins with a relative pronoun, 'that' and functions as a noun). It gives more information about the noun (the subject here) "fact".
Option A is incorrect because it does not include the noun clause at all; it includes the entire sentence excluding the noun clause in question. Moreover, it is not the subject.
Option B is incorrect because it is a phrase, it isn't a noun clause; it does not contain a subject nor verb.
Option D is incorrect because "to believe" is a phrase, not a clause or a noun clause.

English

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