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Question

If a and b are two collinear vectors, then which of the following are incorrect:
(a) b = λa, for some scalar λ
(b) ^a=± ^b
(c) The respective components of a and b are proportional.
(d) Both the vectors a and b have same direction but different magnitudes.

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Solution

Considering each option:
Option (a) b=λ a is correct, it is the condition for collinearity of two vectors.
Option (b) ^a=±^b is also correct, it shows that unit vectors in the direction of given vectors are either in the same direction or in opposite direction i.e., they are collinear.
Option (c) is also correct, if for two vectors the respective components are proportional, then their magnitude will be different but they will be collinear.
Option (d) is incorrect, because if the two vectors are collinear then they may have same directions or opposite directions, in both the areas they will be collinear.


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