Question

# In 1909, Robert Millikan was the first to find the charge of an electron in his now-famous oil-drop experiment. In that experiment, tiny oil drops were sprayed into a uniform electric field between a horizontal pair of oppositely charged plates.The drops were observed with a magnifying eyepiece, and the electric field was adjusted so that the upward force on some negatively charged oil drops was just sufficient to balance the downward force of gravity. That is, when suspended, upward force qE just equaled mg. Millikan accurately measured the charges on many oil drops and found the values to be whole number multiples of 1.6×10−19C the charge of the electron. For this, he won the Nobel prize. Extra electrons on this particular oil drop (given the presently known charge of the electron) are :

A
4
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B
3
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C
5
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D
8
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Solution

## The correct option is A 4Given that electrostatic force is just balancing gravitational force.qE=mg q×1.68×105=1.08×10−14gCharge of drop, q=6.40×10−19CCharge of an electron =1.6×10−19Let the no. of electrons on the drop is n.Then ne=6.40×10−19Cn=6.40×10−191.6×10−19=4

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