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Question

In a covalent bond formation:

A
transfer of electrons takes place
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B
sharing of electrons between two atoms takes place
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C
electrons are shared by one atom only
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D
electrons are donated by one atom and shared by both atoms.
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Solution

The correct option is B sharing of electrons between two atoms takes place
Covalent bonds are formed when two atoms begin sharing electrons, the electrons are attracted towards the nuclei that are positively charged. Example: ClCl.
It is not necessary that both atoms of covalent bond always will be the same, they can be different for example HF molecule, in such case electrons not shared equally and attract towards the more electronegative element.

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