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Question

In an event of head-on elastic collision between two particles, which of the following statements given below is true?

A
Transfer of energy between the particles is maximum when their mass ratio is less than one.
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B
Transfer of energy between the particles is maximum when their mass ratio is greater than one.
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C
Transfer of energy is maximum and is independent of masses.
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D
Transfer of energy between the particles is maximum when their mass ratio is unity.
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Solution

The correct option is D Transfer of energy between the particles is maximum when their mass ratio is unity.
Let us consider two particles have the same mass and let u1 , u2 be their initial velocities respectively.
When those two masses collide elastically, we know that their velocities are interchanged and there is zero loss of K.E.
Energy transfer is maximum when the mass ratio is unity.

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