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Question

In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II & Ill. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statements
All chillies are garlics.
Some garlic is onions.
All onions are potatoes.
No potato is ginger.

Conclusions
I. No onion is ginger.
II. Some garlic is potatoes.
III. Some chillies are potatoes.

A
Only conclusion I follows
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B
Only conclusion II follows
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C
Only I & II follows
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D
Only I & III follow
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E
All follow
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Solution

The correct option is C Only I & II follows
The first and third premises are universal affirmative (A type.).
The second premise is particular affirmative(I- type).
The fourth premise is universal negative (E- type).
Some garlic is onions.
All onions are potatoes.
I+AI- type conclusion.
Some garlic is potatoes.
This is conclusion II.
All onions are potatoes.
No potato is ginger.
A+EE- type conclusion
No onion is ginger.

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