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Question

In each of the questions below four statements are given, followed by four conclusions numbered I, II. III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statements
Some chains are rings.
Some rings are bangles.
Some bangles are hands.
Some hands are ears.

Conclusions
I. Some ears are bangles.
II.Some bangles are chains.
III. Some hands are rings.
IV. No chain is a bangle.


A
None follows
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B
Only II follows
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C
Only IV follows
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D
Only either II or IV follows
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E
Only III follows
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Solution

The correct option is D Only either II or IV follows
All the four premises are particular affirmative (I-type).No conclusion follows from the particular premises.
Conclusion II and IV form a complementary pair. Therefore, either II or IV follows.

Logical Reasoning

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