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Question

It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following would most probably be one major difference in behavior between Manager X, who uses intuition to reach decisions, and Manager Y, who uses only formal decision analysis?
  1. Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a problem; Manager Y does not
  2. Manager Y draws on years of hands-on experience in creating a solution to a problem; Manager X does not.
  3. Manger Y depends on day-to-day tactical maneuvering; manager X does not
  4. Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic analysis; Manager Y does not


Solution

The correct option is A Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a problem; Manager Y does not

B is the best answer. The question requires you to compare behavior based on intuition with behavior based on formal decision analysis. This choice specifies that the manager who uses intuition incorporates action into the decision-making process, but the manager who uses formal analysis does not. This distinction is made in several places in the passage. Lines 6-7 emphasize that decision-making and action-taking are separate steps in formal decision analysis: “making a decision, and only then taking action”. On the other hand, those who use intuition “integrate action into the process of thinking” (lines 15-16). Again, the author mentions that in the intuitive style of management,“ ‘thinking’ is inseparable from acting” (lines 60-61), and “action is often part of defining the problem” (lines 80-81).

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