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Question

Match the causative organisms with their diseases.


Solution

  • Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that cause malaria in humans.
  • The causal agent of elephantiasis is parasitic nematodes,  Wuchereria bancrofti that inhabit the lymphatics and subcutaneous tissues. 
  • Pneumonia is a lung disease by inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection caused by Haemophilus influenza.
  • Typhoid is a bacterial infection, caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi that leads to high fever, diarrhoea, and vomiting.
  • Amoebiasis is a disease caused by infection with a parasitic amoeba that, when symptomatic, can cause dysentery and invasive extraintestinal problems. The cause of amebiasis is mainly the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica.  
  • Hence, C-1, D-2, A-3, E-4, B-5is the correct match.
  • So, the correct answer is 'C-1, D-2, A-3, E-4, B-5.'.

Biology

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