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Match the following column I and column II:

Column IColumn IIA. Resting potentiali. Na ions are more on the inside of the membrane at the siteB. Depolarizationii. Potassium channels gets openedC. Repolarizationiii. More K ions inside of the cell and more Na ions outside of the cell

A
A-iii, B-i, C-ii
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B
A-ii, B-iii, C-i
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C
A-iii, B-ii, C-i
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D
A-i, B-iii, C-ii
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Solution

The correct option is A A-iii, B-i, C-ii
The electrical potential difference across the resting plasma membrane is called the resting potential. At resting, membrane is more permeable to potassium ions (K+) and nearly impermeable to sodium ions (Na+) and to negatively charged proteins present in the axoplasm. As a result the inside of the membrane contains high concentration of K+ and negatively charged proteins while high concentration of Na+ will be there outside the membrane.

When a stimulus is applied at a site on the membrane, the membrane becomes freely permeable to Na+. This leads to a rapid movement of Na+ to the inside of the membrane. The inward flow of sodium ions increases the concentration of positively charged in the cell leading to reversal of polarity i.e., the inside of the membrane becomes positively charged and outside becomes negatively charged. This is called depolarization of neurons.

The repolarization phase of the action potential is dependent on the opening of potassium channels. At the end of depolarization, the sodium channels close and potassium channels open. Potassium diffuses outside the membrane and restores the resting potential of the membrane at the site of excitation.

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