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Question 17
Match the organisms given in Column I with their mode of nutrition given in Column II.

Column IColumn II(a) Mango tree(i) Insectivorous plant(b) Mushroom(ii) Heterotroph(c) Pitcher plant(iii) Autotroph(d) Cuscuta(iv) Saprophyte(e) Elephant(v) Parasitic


Solution

Column IColumn II(a) Mango tree(iii) Autotroph(b) Mushroom(iv) Saprophyte(c) Pitcher plant(i) Insectivorous plant(d) Cuscuta(v) Parasitic(e) Elephant(ii) Heterotroph

(a) The autotrophs are the organisms which can prepare food themselves through the process known as photosynthesis. Example: Mango tree

(b) The plants which derive nutrition from dead and decaying organisms are called saprotrophs or saprophytes. Example: Mushroom

(c) The plants which derive nutrients from insects by trapping and digesting them. Such insect-eating plants are called insectivorous plants. Example: Pitcher plant

(d) The organisms that derive nutrition from the body of other living organisms (host) are called parasites. Example: Cuscuta

(e) The organisms that take in ready-made food prepared by the plants are called heterotrophs. Example: Elephant


Biology

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