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Question

Match  the symptoms given below with the disease:
Column IColumn IIa) Protruding tongue, bloated abdomen, bradycardia, hypotensioni. Graves' diseaseb) Exophthalmos, palpitations, jittery hands, inability to sleepii. Hyperthyroidismc) Sluggishness, fogginess fatigue, impaired memory, mental lethargy iii. Cretinism d) Increased BMR, hyperexcitability, enlarged bones iv. Hypothyroidism


  1. a. iii, b. i, c.iv, d. ii

  2. a. i, b.ii, c.iii, d.iv

  3. a. iv, b.iii, c.ii, d.i

  4. a.iii, b.iv,c.ii, d. i


Solution

The correct option is A

a. iii, b. i, c.iv, d. ii


Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies similar to TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) stimulate excess production of thyroid hormone. The symptoms are exophthalmos, palpitations, jittery hands and inability to sleep.

Cretinism is a disease in which the thyroid hormone is secreted in lesser than normal amounts. The disease is commonly associated with maternal hypothyroidism, and the symptoms include protruding tongue, bloated abdomen, bradycardia, and hypotension.

Hypothyroidism is less secretion of the thyroid hormone. Symptoms are sluggishness, fogginess, fatigue, impaired memory, and in general, mental lethargy.

Hyperthyroidism is excess secretion of the thyroid hormone. Symptoms are increased Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), hyperexcitability, enlarged bones.

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