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Question

Medicines are either man made (i.e., synthetic) or obtained from living organisms like plants, bacteria, animals, etc, and hence, the letter are called natural products. Sometimes, natural products are chemically altered by man to reduce toxicity of side effects. Write against each of teh following whether they were initially obtained as a natural product or as synthetic chemical.

(a) Penicillin (b) Sulphonamide (c) Vitamin-C (d) Growth hormone


Solution

(a) Penicillin is a group of antibioties derived from fungi Penicillium and was initially used as a natural product.

(b) Sulphonamide is a synthetic chemical. It is an antimirobial agent is the basis of severed groups of drups.

(c) Vitamin-C or L-ascorbic acid or ascorbate is a natural product and an essential nutrient for humans. It is present in citrus fruits.

(d) Growth hormone (GH or HGH) also known as somalotropin or somatropin is a peptide hormone occuring naturally in the body. It stimulates growth.


Biology

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