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Question

Mode of nutrition in fungi is:

A
Autotrophic
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B
Heterotrophic
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C
Parasitic
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D
Saprophytic
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Solution

The correct option is C

Explanation of the correct answer:

  1. A saprophyte is an organism that obtains its nutrients from non-living organic matter, usually dead and decaying plant or animal matter, by absorbing soluble organic compounds.
  2. They secrete digestive juices on the dead and decaying matter and convert it into a solution and digest nutrients from them.

Explanation of the incorrect answers:

Option A:

  1. Parasitic nutrition is a type of nutrition in which the organisms live on or inside the body of their host and derive their food from them.
  2. Few fungi are parasitic in nature like, but their number is very small.
  3. Maximum fungi are saprophytes.

Option B:

  1. Heterotrophic nutrition is the mode of nutrition where the organism is unable to prepare its food and hence, depends upon plants or other organisms for food.
  2. Heterotrophic mode of nutrition can be various like holozoic, saprophytic and parasitic.
  3. Fungi are predominantly saprophytic.

Option D:

  1. Autotrophic nutrition is the mode of nutrition where the organism produces its own food, for example, plants.
  2. Fungi cannot prepare its own food.

Final answer: Mode of nutrition in fungi is saprophytic.


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