Name four important products of petroleum and give their uses.
Various constituents of petroleum oil obtained during fractional distillation in oil refineries are:
- Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG): It is primarily used as domestic fuel. Now, it is also used as fuel in vehicles and industry because it is less polluting and easy to transport.
- Petrol: It is a black liquid used as fuel in light vehicles like scooters, cars, etc. It is also used as aviation fuel and for dry cleaning of fabrics.
- Kerosene: It is used as fuel in stoves, lamps and jet aircrafts.
- Diesel: It is used as fuel for heavy vehicles and electric generators.
Living Science (2020, 2021)