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Question

Name four important products of petroleum and give their uses.


Solution

Various constituents of petroleum oil obtained during fractional distillation in oil refineries are:
  1. Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG): It is primarily used as domestic fuel. Now, it is also used as fuel in vehicles and industry because it is less polluting and easy to transport.
  2. Petrol: It is a black liquid used as fuel in light vehicles like scooters, cars, etc. It is also used as aviation fuel and for dry cleaning of fabrics.  
  3. Kerosene: It is used as fuel in stoves, lamps and jet aircrafts.
  4. Diesel: It is used as fuel for heavy vehicles and electric generators. 

Science
Living Science (2020, 2021)
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