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Question

Nitration of aniline in strong acidic medium also gives m-nitroaniline because:
  1. In the absence of substituents, nitro group always goes to m-position.
  2. Inspite of substituents, nitro group always goes to only m-position.
     
  3. In electrophilic substitution reactions, amino group is meta directive.
     
  4. In acidic (strong) medium aniline is present as anilinium ion


Solution

The correct option is D In acidic (strong) medium aniline is present as anilinium ion

NH+3 is m-directing, hence besides para (51%) and ortho (2%), meta product (47%) is also formed in significant yield

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