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Question

Distinguish Between

  1. INNATE IMMUNITY & ACQUIRED IMMUNITY
  2. VACCINATION & STERLISATION
  3. ANTISEPTIC & ANTIBIOTIC
  4. NATURALLY ACQUIRED IMMUNITY & ARTIFICIALLY ACQUIRED IMMUNITY

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Solution

1.

Innate immunityAcquired immunity
It is non specificIt is specific
It does not confer long lasting immunityIt confers long lasting immunity
Skin, mucus, tears provide innate immunityIts action is mainly in blood.

2.

Vaccinationsterilization
Vaccination is the process of immunizing an individual against any particular disease by either introducing an antigen or a weak or killed organism into the body of that individual.Sterilization is a process of eliminating or killing microbial organisms from a surface, media etc. It is not applied in case of humans.

3.

AntisepticAntibiotic
Antiseptics are antimicrobials that are applied on the surface of skin/tissues to prevent infection. These cannot travel in the lymphatic system.These are the compounds secreted by microorganisms that inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. These can travel in the lymphatic system.

4.

Naturally acquired immunityArtificially acquired immunity
It is obtained as result of an infection or transport of antibodies from mother to foetus.It is achieved by injection of antigen or antibodies

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