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Question

Plants utilise X and produce Y. Identify X and Y.

A
X - sunlight, Y - water
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B
X - oxygen, Y - glucose
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C
X - chlorophyll, Y - water
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D
X - sunlight, Y - glucose
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Solution

The correct option is D X - sunlight, Y - glucose
All green plants perform photosynthesis. During this process, the pigment chlorophyll in plants utilise solar energy to convert carbon dioxide to glucose.Water is broken down in the process to release oxygen.

Glucose is oxidised by plants during cellular respiration to produce energy which is utilised to carry out all the metabolic processes in the cell.

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