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Question

Power is shared among different organs of the Government, this system of power sharing can also be termed as ________.


A

Community Government

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B

Vertical division of power

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C

Horizontal distribution of power

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D

Unitary form of Government

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Solution

The correct option is C

Horizontal distribution of power


Answer:

The correct answer is option (c) – Horizontal Distribution of Power.

  • Power is shared among different levels of Government because it ensures a system of checks and balances. Hence power is shared among different levels of Government – Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary.
  • In the Horizontal distribution of power, different organs of Government placed at the same level can exercise different powers.
  • This kind of power separation ensures that there are no unlimited powers in the hands of just one organ.
  • Each organ keeps a check on the other organ.
  • This kind of power separation ensures that there is balance of power among different institutions.
  • The Governments and Ministers are responsible to the various state assemblies and Parliament.
  • Although Judges are appointed by the Executive, the Judges have the powers to keep a check on the laws made by the legislature or keep a check on the functioning of the Executive.

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