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Q. Consider the following statements.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 Only
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B

2 Only
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C

Both 1 and 2
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D

Neither 1 nor 2
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Solution

The correct option is C
Both 1 and 2
Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct:
  • Pedologists define soil as the surface material which has distinctive layers or horizons. Soil comprises minerals and organic particles, while subsoil or bedrock is composed wholly of minerals.
Statement 2 is correct:
  • Geomorphic factors such as relief, slope influence the formation of soils. On steeper slopes, the soil is thinner. On flat uplands areas, thick soil is formed.
  • On gentle slopes, new soil derived from parent material balances the soil which is removed by slow erosion.

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