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Q. Match the following pairs:

Climate Characteristics
A. Tropical monsoon climate 1. Landscape typified by tall to short continuous grasslands with scattered trees
B. The tropical wet and dry climate 2. Found on the eastern margin of continents in warm temperate latitudes
C. Desert climate 3. Distinct wet and dry seasons associated with seasonal reversal of winds
D. China-type climate 4. Characterized by growth Xerophytic vegetation

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A
A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
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B
A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4
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C
A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4
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D
A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4
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Solution

The correct option is A A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2

Explanation:

Tropical monsoon climate:

  • Occur within 5° to 30° N and S of the equator.
  • It is characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons associated with seasonal reversal of winds.
  • Annual rainfall is similar to that of Af, but precipitation usually occurs within 7-9 of the warmest months of the year.

The tropical wet and dry climate:

  • The wet season is shorter and the dry season is longer with the drought being more severe. Temperature is high throughout the year and diurnal ranges of temperature are the greatest in the dry season.
  • The landscape is typified by tall to short continuous grasslands with scattered trees. Deciduous forests.
  • Distribution of Savanna Climate: Northern and eastern India, Interior Burma, Llanos of Venezuela, Campos of brazil, western central Africa etc.

Desert climate:

  • True desert climate spans about 12 per cent of the Earth’s total land.
  • Xerophytic vegetation usually grows in this climatic zone.
  • The letters h and k are used as suffixes after BW to represent whether the zone is subtropical hot (h) or mid-latitudinal cold (k).

China-type climate:

  • This type of climate is found on the eastern margin of continents in warm temperate latitudes, just outside the tropics.
  • Rainfall is more as compared to the Mediterranean climate and happens in summer.

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