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Q. Which of the following is correct about the relation between Fundamental Duties (FDs) and Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSPs)?

A
While FDs are justiciable, DPSPs are non-justiciable in a court of law.
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B
Parliament can enforce only DPSPs through suitable legislation for achieving a common good.
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C
Both provide opportunities for the promoting education of a child.
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D
FDs establish political democracy and DPSPs provide for social and economic democracy in the country.
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Solution

The correct option is C Both provide opportunities for the promoting education of a child.

Option (a) is incorrect: Like the Directive Principles, the fundamental duties are also nonjusticiable. The Constitution does not provide for their direct enforcement by the courts.

Option (b) is incorrect: Moreover, there is no legal sanction against the violation of Fundamental Duties and DPSPs. However, the Parliament is free to enforce them by suitable legislation.

Option (c) is correct:Article 45 of the Indian Constitution (DPSP) directs the State to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.

Article 51A of the Indian Constitution (FD) makes a Fundamental Duty for Every citizen to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.

Option (d) is incorrect: It is the Fundamental Rights (not Fundamental Duties) aim at establishing political democracy in the country. Whereas, DPSPs aim at establishing social and economic democracy in the country.


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