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Q. With reference to the dandi march, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Dandi march was organized to protest against the restriction on manufacturing, collection and selling of salt.
  2. Purna Swaraj was declared by congress after mass support was visible for dandi march.
  3. Sarojini Naidu and Matangini Hazra played prominent roles in the salt march.

Select the correct answers using the codes given below



  1. 1 only

  2. 1 and 2 only

  3. 1 and 3 only

  4. 2 and 3 only


Solution

The correct option is C
1 and 3 only

Explanation: 

Statement 1 is correct: According to the Salt Act of 1882, only the British government in India could manufacture, collect and sell salt. This is called a monopoly. Actually, salt can be manufactured by evaporating sea water, and many Indians living along the coast have been doing so for ages. The British, however, made this a criminal offence and forced people to buy it at high prices. Thus, Dandi march targeted salt manufacturing.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Indian National Congress, on 19 December 1929, passed the historic ‘Purna Swaraj’ (total independence) resolution at its Lahore session. A public declaration was made on 26 January 1930 – a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as ‘Independence Day’. The declaration was passed due to the breakdown of negotiations between leaders of the freedom movement and the British over the question of dominion status for India. It was only after the declaration of purna swaraj that Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch the Civil Disobedience movement by breaking salt law. 

Statement 3 is correct: On May 21, the poet Sarojini Naidu led 2,500 marchers on the Dharasana Salt Works, some 150 miles north of Bombay. Several hundred British-led Indian policemen met them and viciously beat the peaceful demonstrators. Matangini Hazra (1869-1942) was an Indian revolutionary who was shot dead by the British Indian police on September 29, 1942. She was affectionately known as Gandhi buri, Bangla for old lady Gandhi. In 1932, she took part in the Non-Cooperation Movement and was arrested for breaking the Salt Act. 

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