Q93. Consider the following statements.
1. The detail of Asoka’s war with Kalinga is given in the Kalinga Edict.
2.The language mostly employed in the Edicts of Asoka is Pali.
3. The XIII Rock Edicts gives a summary of his efforts to promote the Dhamma within his kingdom.
The inscriptions of Asoka were first deciphered by James Princep in 1837. There are fourteen Major Rock Edicts. The two Kalinga Edicts are found in the newly conquered territory. The major pillar Edicts were erected in important cities. There are minor Rock Edicts and minor pillar Edicts. These Edicts of Asoka deal with Asoka’s Dhamma and also instructions given to his officials.
1. The XIII Rock Edict gives details about his war with Kalinga.
2. The language mostly employed in the Edicts of Asoka is Pali, but in some places Prakrit was used. The Brahmi script was employed for writing. In the north western India Ashokan inscriptions were found in Karoshti script.
3. The Pillar Edict VII gives a summary of his efforts to promote the Dhamma within his kingdom.
4. Thus the Ashokan inscriptions remain valuable sources for the study of Asoka and the Mauryan Empire.