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Question

Read the three extracts in the chapter from the Lok Sabha debate on the Indo-US deal. Develop any one of these into a full speech defending a certain position on Indo-US relations.

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Solution

In the context of the arguments put forward by the then Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, the following points can be made:
a. Although both India and the US shared common democratic values and traditions, during the Cold War period, India pursued the policy of NAM and did not endorse the US interests.
b. However, after the end of the Cold War and with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, which certainly had strong implications on India, we were compelled to rethink our foreign policy and strategies.
c. We may argue that, with the emergence of a unipolar world and the US emerging as a superpower by occupying a predominant position in the world affairs, India certainly stands to gain from its closer ties with the US.
d. With the policy of liberalisation and with its impressive economic growth rate, India has emerged as an important partner for the US. The US is India’s largest trading partner and biggest foreign investor.
e. If we consider some important aspects like the US absorbing about 65 % of India’s total exports in the software sector and 300,000 Indians working in the Silicon Valley, this explains the growing importance of increased exchange between both the countries.
f. We may also argue that it is in India’s geopolitical interest to join and support the American policy of containment of China. The US is trying to forge closer military cooperation with countries surrounding China.
g. India provides a common base for the US in its fight against terrorism, particularly after the 9/11 attacks.
h. The Nuclear Deal between India and the US is ‘good’ for America’s security and economy. President George W. Bush declared it as a landmark agreement and said that the agreement will help meet India’s surging energy needs and restrain energy prices for American consumers.
i. Allowing India to import foreign technology for its civilian nuclear programme will boost global efforts to develop new sources of energy.
j. The world has realised the growing importance of India, both politically and economically. Therefore, it is in the interest of India to take advantage of the opportunities that new global politics offers and recognise the increased convergence of interests of both the US and India. Opposing the US would be detrimental to India’s interest.

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