Question

Sand is pouring from a pipe at the rate of $$12 cm^3/s$$. The falling sand forms a cone on the ground in such a way that the height of the cone is always one-sixth of the radius of the base. How fast is the height of the sand cone increasing when the height is $$4 cm.$$

Solution

The volume of a cone $$(V)$$ with radius (r) and height $$(h)$$ is given by, $$\displaystyle V=\frac{1}{3} \pi r^2 h$$It is given that,$$\Rightarrow \displaystyle h=\frac{1}{6}r$$$$\Rightarrow r=6h$$$$\therefore\displaystyle V=\frac{1}{3}\pi (6h)^2h=12 \pi h^3$$ The rate of change of volume with respect to time $$(t)$$ is given by, $$\displaystyle \frac{dV}{dt}=12x\frac{d}{dh}(h^3)\cdot \frac{dh}{dt}=12 \pi (3h^2)\frac{dh}{dt}=36\pi h^2\frac{dh}{dt}$$It is also given that $$\cfrac{dV}{dt}=12 cm^3/s$$Therefore, when $$h = 4$$ cm, we have: $$\displaystyle 12=36 \pi (4)^2 \frac{dh}{dt}$$$$\Rightarrow \displaystyle \frac{dh}{dt}=\frac{12}{36\pi(16)} =\frac{1}{48 \pi}$$Hence, when the height of the sand cone is $$4 cm$$, its height is increasing at the rate of $$\cfrac{1}{48 \pi}$$cm/sMathematicsRS AgarwalStandard XII

Suggest Corrections

0

Similar questions
View More

Same exercise questions
View More

People also searched for
View More