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Question

Select the right option, with respect to the given statements:

Statement 1: Lamarck said that all the acquired characters are inherited by the next generation.

Statement 2: Darwin sais that only useful variations are transferred to the next generation.


  1. Statements 1 and 2 shows the direct relation between Lamarckism and Darwinism.

  2. Statements 1 and 2 show the problems that occur Lamarckism and Darwinism.

  3. Statements 1 and 2 are not relevant to each other in any significant way.

  4. Statements 1 and 2 shows the difference between Lamarckism and Darwinism.


Solution

The correct option is D

Statements 1 and 2 shows the difference between Lamarckism and Darwinism.


Lamarckism describes evolution as a process that involves the inheritance of acquired characteristics, that is, any trait that the organism acquires during his/her lifetime would be passed on to the next generation. Darwinism on the other hand, explains that variations in characteristics exist among organisms and those organisms that exhibit favourable variations (i.e., those variations that help the organism survive and reproduce) would survive, passing on these traits to their offspring.

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