SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTION What steps were taken by the Bolsheviks to make Russia a socialist society?
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The steps taken by the Bolsheviks to make Russia a socialist society were:
(i) The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised. They permitted peasants to cultivate the land that had been socialised. The Bolsheviks used confiscated land to demonstrate what collective work could be.
(ii)A process of centralised planning was introduced. Officials assessed how the economy could work and set targets for a five-year period. On this basis they made the Five Year Plans. The government fixed all prices to promote industrial growth during the first two `plans'-1927-1932 and 1933-1938. Centralised planning led to economic growth. Industrial production increased. New factory cities came into being.
(iii)An extended schooling system was developed and arrangements were made for factory workers and peasants to enter universities. Cheap public health care was provided. Model living quarters were set up for workers.