Snowflake coral was in news recently. Consider the following statements in this regard,

  1. It is a beautiful white coral reported to be extremely resistant to climate change.
  2. It has been reported from the Gulf of Mannar, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gulf of Kutch and Goa.
  3. It inhabits reefs and underwater structures such as shipwrecks and piers
  4. It is being seen as a solution to improve marine biodiversity along Indian coasts.

Which above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1, 3 and 4 only

  2. All of these

  3. 3 and 4 Only

  4. 2 and 3 Only


The correct option is D

2 and 3 Only

Colonies of snowflake coral ( Carijoariisei ), an invasive species recently documented off the coast of Thiruvananthapuram and Kanyakumari, could pose a serious threat to the marine ecology of the region, according to scientists.

A native of the tropical Western Atlantic and the Caribbean, it was first reported as an invasive species from Hawaii in 1972. Since then, it has spread to Australia, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines.

It is feared that it will crowd out other species like corals, sponges, algae, ascidians that contribute to the rich marine biodiversity of the region. It is considered an invasive species because of its capacity to dominate space and crowd out other marine organisms.

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