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Question

State and explain Newtons law of gravitational force.

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Solution

Newton's law of universal gravitation states that every particle attracts every other particle in the universe with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.
FM1M2 [M1 and M2 are the respective masses of the two bodies]
F1r2
FM1M2r2
or F=GM1M2r2 [G= Constant of proportion=Gravitation constant]

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