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Question

Statement: The fifth state of matter has a very low temperature.

Reason: The BEC state is formed by the supercooling of gases of extremely low density.

A
Both the statement and the reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation.
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B
Both the statement and the reason are true but the reason is not the correct explanation.
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C
The statement is true but the reason is false.
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D
The statement is false but the reason is true.
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Solution

The correct option is A Both the statement and the reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation.
The fifth state of matter is known as Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) after solid, liquid, gas and plasma.

This state of matter is formed by supercooling of gases with extremely low density
(approximately one hundred thousandths of that of air) hence, has a very low temperature.

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