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Question

Study the diagram given below and then answer the questions that follow :

(a) Identify the cell.
(b) Name the parts labelled 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
(c) Where is this cell likely to be found in the human body and what is its function?


Solution

(a) The given diagram shows a nerve cell or neuron.
 

(b) 1 → Dendrites/Dendrons
      2 → Axon
      3 → Nucleus
      4 → Cyton/Perikaryon
      5 → Neurolemma
      6 → Axon endings
 

(c) The nerve cell is likely to be found in the nervous system of the human body. The function of the nerve cell is to transmit messages from one part of the body to another. It is associated with perception and responses of animals.

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