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Question

Sympathetic nervous system stimulation _____.



A

Increase blood glucose, decrease GI peristalsis, increase heart rate and BP.

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B

Decrease blood glucose, increase GI peristalsis, decrease heart rate and BP.

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C

Increase blood glucose, increase GI peristalsis, decreased heart rate and BP.

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D

Decrease blood glucose, decrease GI peristalsis, decreased heart rate and BP.

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Solution

The correct option is A

Increase blood glucose, decrease GI peristalsis, increase heart rate and BP.


Sympathetic nervous system promotes a fight-or-flight response, corresponds with arousal and energy generation, and inhibits digestion

1. Diverts blood flow away from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and skin via vasoconstriction

2. Blood flow to skeletal muscles and the lungs is enhanced (by as much as 1200% in the case of skeletal muscles)

3. Dilates bronchioles of the lung through circulating epinephrine, which allows for greater alveolar oxygen exchange

4. Increases heart rate and the contractility of cardiac cells (myocytes), thereby providing a mechanism for enhanced blood flow to skeletal muscles

5. Dilates pupils and relaxes the ciliary muscle to the lens, allowing more light to enter the eye and far vision

6. Provides vasodilation for the coronary vessels of the heart

7. Constricts all the intestinal sphincters and the urinary sphincter

8. Inhibits peristalsis

9. Stimulates orgasm


Biology

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