The correct option is B I and III
In the last hundred years, the human population has shown rapid and enormous growth which has resulted in growing demand for goods and services such as food, water, electricity, automobiles etc. Increased urbanisation and the need to fulfil the growing demands of the population has led the humans to manipulate and pollute the environment while exploiting the natural resources.
Environmental pollution is the degradation of the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the environment (air, water and soil) due to the addition of substances known as pollutants. The Environment (Protection) Act was introduced by the Government of India in 1986 with the aim of protecting the environment and improving the ambient quality of air, water and soil in order to prevent any hazard to living organisms.