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Question

The hormone enables the cells to break down glycogen to glucose while stimulates the cells to convert glucose into glycogen.

A
insulin
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B
glucagon
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C
somatostatin
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D
adrenaline
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Solution

The correct options are
A insulin
B glucagon

Glucagon is a hormone produced by alpha-cells of the islets of Langerhans. It increases the amount of glucose in the blood by converting glycogen to glucose whenever required.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta-cells of the islets of Langerhans. It lowers the amount of glucose in the blood by converting excess of glucose into glycogen which can be stored in the liver and muscles.


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