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Question

The hydrolysis of an ester in presence of an alkali is known as saponification.

A
True
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B
False
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Solution

The correct option is A True
The hydrolysis of an ester in an alkali solution is the primary reaction for the creation of soap. Since the end product is a soap, the process is called saponification.
For example, ethyl ethanoate-an ester, reacts with a strong base like sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to give ethanol and ethanoic acid as shown below.
CH3COOC2H5(aq) NaOH−− CH3CH2OH(aq) + CH3COOH(aq)Ethyl ethanoate Ethanol Ethanoic acid

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