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Question

The point of the kidney, which serves as the entry point of the ureters, blood vessels and nerves is known as

A
calyx
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B
cortex
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C
hilum
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D
Glomerulus
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Solution

The correct option is C hilum
Towards the centre of the inner concave surface of the kidney is a notch or a point of entry called hilum through which ureter, blood vessels and nerves enter.

Inner to the hilum is a broad funnel shaped space called the renal pelvis with projections called calyces.
Kidney is divided into two zones, an inner medulla and an outer cortex. The medulla is divided into a few conical masses (medullary pyramids) projecting into the calyces.

Glomerulus is one of the key structures that make up the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.

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