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Question

The rainbow is produced due to:


A

Interference of light waves reflected by water drops in the air

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B

Diffraction of light waves

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C

Dispersion and total internal reflection of sunlight by water drops in the air

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D

Interference and diffraction of light

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Solution

The correct option is C

Dispersion and total internal reflection of sunlight by water drops in the air


In a rainbow, the white light is split into its components. The raindrops behave somewhat like prisms, dispersing the white light into its component colours. These are then internally reflected if the sunlight hits the water drops at the proper angle and emerge from the other end.


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