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Question

The vapour pressure of pure liquids A and B are 450 and 700 mm Hg respectively, at 350 K. Find out the composition of the liquid mixture if total vapour pressure is 600 mm Hg. Also find the composition of the vapour phase.

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Solution

It is given that:

= 450 mm of Hg

= 700 mm of Hg

ptotal = 600 mm of Hg

From Raoult’s law, we have:


Therefore, total pressure,

Therefore,

= 1 − 0.4

= 0.6

Now,

= 450 × 0.4

= 180 mm of Hg

= 700 × 0.6

= 420 mm of Hg

Now, in the vapour phase:

Mole fraction of liquid A

= 0.30

And, mole fraction of liquid B = 1 − 0.30

= 0.70


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