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Question

There are many endocrine glands in human body. Name the glands which is absent in male and the one absent in female.

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Solution

Endocrine glands:

Endocrine glands discharge their secretions (hormones) directly into the bloodstream. The different endocrine glands present in the body are:
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Pineal
  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Adrenal
  • Testis
  • Ovary



Testis in males:

The primary reproductive organ in males is the testis that also acts as an endocrine gland. The leydig cells present in the testes secrete androgens (majorly testosterone) which is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characters.


Ovaries in female:

Ovary is the primary female sex organ which contain follicles (containing ovum) at different stages of development. Estrogen, progesterone and relaxin are secreted from these structures.


Summary:
Name of the gland Males Females
Hypothalamus Present Present
Pineal Present Present
Pituitary Present Present
Thymus Present Present
Thyroid Present Present
Parathyroid Present Present
Adrenal Present Present
Pancreas Present Present
Testis Present Absent
Ovary Absent Presen


Final answer:

Endocrine gland absent in male: Ovaries

Endocrine gland absent in female: Testes



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