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Question

Three charges are arranged on the vertices of an equilateral triangle as shown in figurre (29-E6). Find the eipole moment of the combination.

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Solution

Let - q and -q are placed at A and C
where 2q on B
So, length of A = d

So, the dipole moment =(q×d)=P
So, resultant dipole moment
P=[(qd)2+(qd)2+2qdqdcos60]12
=[d2q2+d2q2+2q2d2×12]12
=[3q2d2]12=3qd


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