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Question

Three thin prisms are combined as shown in figure. The refractive indices of the crown glass for red, yellow and violet rays are μr, μy and μv respectively and those for the flint glass are μr, μy and μv respectively. Find AA for which, there is no net deviation in the yellow light.


A
μy1μy1
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B
2(μy1)μy1
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C
3(μy1)μy1
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D
4(μy1)μy1
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Solution

The correct option is B 2(μy1)μy1
The total deviation for the yellow ray produced by the prism combination is,

δy=δcyδfy+δcy=2δcyδδy

Where, δcv=Deviation suffered by the violet light in the crown glass prismδfv=Deviation suffered by the violet light in the flint glass prism

As we know, the minimum deviation suffered is,

δm=(μ1)A

δy=2(μy1)A(μy1)A

For net deviation in the yellow ray to be zero,

δy=0

2(μy1)A(μy1)A=0

AA=2(μy1)μy1

<!--td {border: 1px solid #ccc;}br {mso-data-placement:same-cell;}--> Hence, (B) is the correct answer.
Why this question ?

Note: If the second prism in the question is also made up of the crown glass instead of flint glass and if A=A, then the combination of three prisms will behave as a single prism.



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