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Question

# Two rods of length L2 and coefficient of linear expansion α2 are connected freely to a third rod of length L1 of coefficient of linear expansion α1 to form an isosceles triangle. The arrangement is supported on the knife edge at the midpoint of L1 which is horizontal. The apex of the isosceles triangle is to remain at a constant distance from the knife edge if

A
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C
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D
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Solution

## The correct option is D The apex of the isosceles triangle to remain at a constant distance from the knife edge DC should remains constant before and after heating. Before expansion : In triangle ADC (DC)2=L22−(L12)2……(i) After expansion : (DC)2=[L2(1+α2t)]2−[L12(1+α1t)]2……(ii) Equating (i) and (ii) we get L22−(L12)2=[L2(1+α2t)]2−[L12(1+α1t)]2 ⇒ L22−L214=L22+L22×2α2×t−L214−L214×2α1×t [Neglecting higher terms] ⇒ L214(2α1t)=L22(2α2t)⇒ L1L2=2√α2α1

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