Question

# Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the square of any positive integer is either of form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m. [Hint: Let x be any positive integer then it is of the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. Now square each of these and show that they can be rewritten in the form 3m or 3m + 1.]

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Solution

## Let a be any positive integer and b = 3. Then a = 3q + r for some integer q ≥ 0 And r = 0, 1, 2 because 0 ≤ r < 3 Therefore, a = 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 Or, Where k1, k2, and k3 are some positive integers Hence, it can be said that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1.

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