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Question

What are the raw materials used in solvay's process for the preparation of sodium carbonate?

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Solution

The raw materials used in solvay's process are:
NaCl, NH3, and CaCO3
The following reaction is solvay's process took place:
2NH3+CO2+H2O(NH4)2CO3(NH4)2CO3+CaCl2CaCO3+2NH4ClNH3+CO2+H2ONH4HCO3NH4HCO3+NaCl30CNaHCO3+NH4Cl
Calcination to get sodium carbonate
2NaHCO3Na2CO3+H2O+CO2

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