What are the similarities and differences between periodic motion and vibratory motion?
Periodic motion is that motion which repeats itself after equal intervals of time. The interval of time is called the time period of periodic motion. Examples:
(i) motion of planets around the sun
(ii) motion of the pendulum of a wall clock
(iii) motion of the minute hand of a clock
If a body is moving back and forth repeatedly about a mean position, it is said to possess oscillatory motion. Examples:
(i) motion of the pendulum of a clock
(ii) vibrations of the string of a sitar etc.